Hiv/aids for new generation.
Young people of today are faced with numerous health and socio-economic challenges. Many of the health challenges will affect the length and quality of their adult lives.
A cross the globe, many young people are at risk from unprotected sex that can leads to sexually transmitted infections (STI). Data from 3003 – 2004 Tanzania HIV/AIDS indicator survey show that 3.5% of young people aged 15 – 24 years and 2% of young people aged 15 – 19 years have HIV positive.
According to same study, a lack of adequate knowledge about sexuality and how HIV is spread is one of the major contributing factors to the problems. Less than 40% of girls and only 43% of boys aged of 15 – 19 years have a compressive knowledge of HIV, and even among of 20 – 24 years old, just half have basic essential information about Hiv/Aids in Tanzania country.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIV and AIDS?
HIV is the abbreviation of the term “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” HIV is the virus which cause AIDS. And this AIDS is stand for “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
In Swahili the term UKIMWI stand for “Upungufu wa Kinga Mwilini” the name of the disease already tells us about the disease, namely that the immune system is weakened. The disease is called AIDS, once its symptoms become visible.
The difference between HIV and AIDS is that a person how is infected with HIV can still be healthy looking person. Although the virus can be found in his or her blood. They have not started yet to attack the white blood cells. On the other hands, the immune system of person with AIDS has lost its strength.
The body now suffers from different diseases called “opportunistic infection” because they take opportunity of the weak body defense. People who suffer from AIDS might lose weight, frequently have fever or diarrhea or skin problem. However all these diseases are not a sign of an HIV infection. To be sure should consult a doctor.
WHAT IS THE IMMUNE SYSTEM?
The immune system is the system which helps the body to protect itself from diseases. The white blood cells in the human body play an important role in the immune system.
In the same way soldiers defend their country; these white blood cells protect the body against diseases. Once this white blood cell is attacked, the body lose its capacity to protect itself from sickness and disease.
HOW THE WAYS OF HIV/AIDS TRANSMITTED?
There is so many ways which cause spread or the transmitted of HIV/AIDS. The following are the few ways:
1.Acksdent, this it can spread of hiv/aids trough injuries for blood interaction from one injury person to another person.
2. Sex, diseases it can transfer from one person to another through sensitivity organs if there is a source of conduct between two people of us.
3. Sharper tools, these affect so many of women because it use in saloon to set hair style and finger. But it affects men also because the machine which we are using to cut the hair or to trim our trimmer some time it can be the source if we are not used careful. (to follow the instructions).
4. Mother to child during delivery period. Child can get infection through service from her mother like milk which breast-feeding mothers, or for the time when mother her deriver children.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) ENTERS IN THE BODY, AND WHERE IN THE BODY DOES IT GO?
This virus is located in white blood cells of human body fluids, especially in the blood, in seminal fluids, in the vaginal fluids and in the milk breast-feeding mothers. The white blood cells are the preferred place for HIV to live and reproduce. Once the viruses are inside the body, they settle and increase their numbers within the blood cells until these blood cells burst.
The viruses which are released continue to attack other white blood cells, the more viruses are released and the number of white cells decreases. As a result the immune systems of the person become weaker and weaker.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE UNTIL HIV CAN BE IDENTIFIED IN THE BLOOD?
After being infected with HIV it take approximately three mothers until the virus can be identified in the blood. It is useless to go for testing immediately after having had a risky contact. You should wait three mothers before going to a voluntary counseling and testing centre or VCT.
HIV is mainly spread through sexual contact.
If a person has many lovers, the probabilities of getting infection increase, because each lover is a potential source of infection, if they have sex without using a condom. In addition, treating other sexually transmitted disease too late contributes to the spread of HIV. If a person suffer from another sexually transmitted diseases, because of sores on the sexual organs. Finally, the abuse of drugs and excessive drinking can weaken a person capacity to make sound decisions about his or her sexual life. So friend be care.
IS HIV/AIDS ALSO TRANSIMITTED THROUGH ANAL OR ARAL SEX?
Yes! There is a big danger for getting infected with HIV when having oral or anal sex. The skin in the anus is very soft and the probability of getting small cuts during sexual intercourse is big, also because there are no body fluids to smoothen penetration, as for example in the vagina. It is very easy for the viruses to pass through these small cuts. Oral sex-licking the penis or vagina is also dangerous. If a woman has small cuts in his mouth or penis, they can infect each other. Peoples are advised to use condoms in order to prevent infection diseases from infected person.
Also any one can get hiv/aids through deep kissing. The probability of getting hiv/aids through deep kissing is very small. By exchanging saliva during kissing alone, it is not possible to transmit hiv/aids. However, if one of the lovers or both have cuts or sores in their mouth, the probability of getting infections diseases is very high. My advice to you is let us do safe sex at all
This research program report is created and prepared up to given out by only one person. Mutalemwa Onesmo Juvenary
Sponsored by the German Government (German Development Policy),
©Tanzania German Programme to Support Health (TGPSH), 2007,
Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS)
gtzGerman Technical Cooperation. Siku zote bahati yako iko mikononi mwako tu, ili kudhibitisha kuwa ni kweli bofya kwenye picha iliyopo hapa chini.